This article briefly tells us about the distinct types of director which has different role to play in the company.
Director is a person who is appointed or is elected as the member of the board of directors of the company. It is the responsibility of directors to determine and implement the company’s policy. They are not mandatorily the shareholders or employees of the company. Further, they act as a trustee for the company and the decisions are taken by them is based on the meetings and contracts.
Types of Directors
Resident Directors - Any director who has stayed in India for a total period of not less than 182 days in the previous calendar year is termed as resident director. Further, as per section 149(3) of Companies Act 2013, it is mandatory for every company to have at least one resident director.
Women Director - To encourage the women the new concept for women director was introduced through Companies Act 2013. As per section 149(1) it is compulsory for the below-mentioned companies to appoint a women director.
- Companies having a paid up capital of Rs 100 Crores or more
- Companies having a turnover of Rs. 300 Crores or more
Independent Directors - Independent director is the person who is independent of the management of the company and is expected to assist the shareholders of the company. He is the person with relevant experience, expertise and integrity in the opinion of the board of directors. Further, he is not the managing director of the company or a whole time director or the nominee director. As per Rule 4 of Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2013 the following class of companies are required to appoint at least two independent directors:-
- Public Companies having paid up Share Capital - Rs.10 Crores or More
- Public Companies having turnover- Rs.100 Crores or More
- Public Companies have total outstanding loans, debenture and deposits of Rs. 50 Crores or More.
Additional Director- A Company can appoint a person as an additional director if the articles of association of the company provide so. The additional director appointed shall hold the office only up to the date of the next AGM or the last date, on which the AGM should have been held, whichever is earlier
Alternate director - An alternate director is a director who has been appointed by the company in the place of the director who is absent for a period of at least 3 years from India. Further, the proposed Alternate Director shall satisfy the criteria of Independent Director and he shall not hold the office of the alternate Director in any Company. In addition to this, the alternate director shall hold the remaining period office of the original director in whose place he is appointed.
Small shareholders Directors- Small shareholder director means a director which is elected by the small shareholder. Here small shareholders means a shareholder holding shares of nominal value of not more than Rs.20,000 or such sum as may be prescribed. Further small shareholders shall not hold office for more than a period of 3 consecutive years and he shall not be liable to retire by rotation.